Windows might be the most popular OS among people but Linux has established itself as a much better OS than Windows as it’s much secure,more reliable,highly customizable,has large number of distributions (or distro) and a large community to support it. Also, Linux can be proud of the fact that it collects almost no data from users,provides better software updates and, after all, IT’S FREE OF COST.Now the most popular distro among Linux users is Ubuntu which is developed and maintained by Canonical Ltd.
In this guide I will explain the complete process to install Ubuntu on your computer.
You can use Ubuntu as the only OS on your PC or you can Dual-Boot Windows and Ubuntu. I have divided this article into 3 sections-
Install Ubuntu in Dual-boot configuration is for those who want to keep both Windows and Ubuntu on their PC.
Step 1- Download Ubuntu from it’s official website.There are 2 versions of Ubuntu you can download-The LTS Version which has 3 years of support and The Standard Version which has 9 months of support.I would recommend downloading the LTS version. Download Link-https://ubuntu.com/download/desktop
Step 2- Burn the downloaded ISO file using any tool you like.I prefer Rufus. Download the latest version of Rufus from-https://rufus.ie/ and open it.
Step 3- Plug in your bootable media (The size of your media should be 8 GB or more) and select it on the device drop-down menu of Rufus.
Step 4- Select the ISO file from the Select Menu.
Step 5- Keep The Partition scheme as MBR and File system as NTFS.
Step 6- Click START.
Warning: All the data on your device will be destroyed.
Step 7- Let it Finish.Once it’s finished you are ready to install Ubuntu.
Install Ubuntu as the only OS-
Step 1- If you want to remove windows and install Ubuntu (Not recommended for first time Linux Users),backup everything before you start.If you are a laptop user then keep it plugged in until Ubuntu is installed.
Step 2- Restart your PC.Enter the BIOS menu by pressing Esc(The key is different for every manufacturer.The correct BIOS key will be displayed at the startup).Click on Boot.Change the Boot order and place the USB drive on top of the boot menu.Save and Exit.
Step 3- You should be greeted with Ubuntu’s Startup Screen.Here you have to select the setup language from the left menu.You can click on Try Ubuntu and use it as long as you want to experience Ubuntu without installing(Anything you do in there will not affect your Hard Drive).
Step 4- Click on Install Ubuntu.Now choose your Keyboard Layout.
Step 5- Click on Normal Installation.Check the box Install third-party software and if you have an internet connection at the time of installing then Check Download Updates while installing Ubuntu.You can also download the updates after installation.
Step 6- Now the Partition Menu will appear.Choose Erase Disk And Install Ubuntu to remove everything.Now this has its advantages and disadvantages. The advantage is that you don’t have to go through the hassle of Partitioning.The disadvantage is that you will get just a single partition i.e.The Root Partition.If your OS fails, then all your data will be lost.So choose wisely.
To create partitions according to your preferences click on “Something Else”.
Skip to Step 7 if you have selected “Erase disk and Install Ubuntu”.
Step 6.1- Click on New Partition Table and select Continue. A label called free space will be created. You will need 3 partitions-Root,Home and Swap.
The Root partition holds your OS,in this case Ubuntu.
The Home partition holds your files and all your data.
The Swap partition is the additional region of your hard disk which acts as additional RAM.You can skip Swap if you have good amount of RAM but creating one won’t hurt.
Step 6.2- Click on the Plus sign to create partitions and Minus sign to delete them.
Step 6.3- Let’s first create the Root Partition.Click + and select the partition size in MB.If you have problem in conversion then you can use any online tool to do that for you.Keep it around 20 GB or more if you want to install more stuff.Select Partition Type as Primary and Mount Point as /.Click OK.A new partition will be created.
Step 6.4- Then Click on free space and click +.Select your home partition size(Keep it big as it will be used to store your files).Select Partition Type as Primary and Mount Point as /home.Click OK.
Step 6.5- Then Click on free space and click +.Select the swap partition size(If you 4 GB of RAM then the swap size will be 8 GB, If 8 then 16 and so on.Remember you can skip this). Select Partition Type as Primary and Use As swap area. Click OK.
If you have free space left then you can extend it to any partition you want later or you can calculate partition sizes before creating them,Unlike me 😀
Step 6.6- Click Install Now and select Continue in the Dialog Box.
Step 7- Select your Region and click Continue.
Step 8- Enter Username and Password.Click Continue.
Step 9- Ubuntu will start installing.Wait for it to finish.
Step 10- When the installation finishes your computer will ask you to Restart.Click Restart Now.Don’t forget to change the boot order to boot from Hard Disk or else your BIOS will again boot from USB.
Step 11- Voila! You have successfully installed Ubuntu on your PC. Login using your password and experience the beauty of GNOME.
Install Ubuntu In Dual-Boot Configuration-
The reason I dedicated a different section for Dual-boot is because it’s kind of confusing for new users.Don’t worry,you have to take just one or two additional steps to get Ubuntu up and running.
Step 1- All the steps are same up to Step 5 of the above section.
Step 2- Prepare the partition:
This is the most important part of the whole dual boot installation. Where to install Ubuntu? Windows is already installed here, so, we’ll prepare a new partition for Ubuntu. In the Installation Type window, choose Something Else.The partition where Windows is installed should be left untouched if you want to keep your Windows installation safe.
IMPORTANT NOTE: I presume that you have more than one NTFS (or FAT 32) partitions (i.e. Drives in Windows term) on your hard disk, with one of them consisting of Windows installation (usually C drive). What you need to do here is to delete a NTFS partition and create some free space. This will delete all the data in that partition.
FACT: Ubuntu and every Linux Distro uses ext4 file system rather than NTFS used on windows.
Step 3- Now You just have to create Root,Home,Swap partitions. Refer Steps 6.1-6.6.
IMPORTANT NOTE: You have to choose Partition Type as Logical.Why? Because MBR supports only 4 Primary Partitions and you need more than that so mount it as Logical
Step 4- Follow Step-7 to Step-11 from the above section and you are done!
Step 5- When your PC restarts you will be greeted with the GRUB bootloader screen. In there select Windows to boot into Windows and select Ubuntu to use Ubuntu.
That’s all folks. Use Ubuntu and start your journey as a Penguinista. Comment below if you face any problem during the installation.